Regional fuel use varies according to the availability of resources.
Energy consumption in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa continues to grow rapidly, with about 20% growth in each region between 2010 and 2016, according to newly available data in EIA’s International Energy Statistics database. In particular, energy consumption has been increasing in the Middle East and Africa, driven by economic growth, increased access to energy markets, and quickly growing populations. Energy consumption in the Asia region grew even as energy consumption in China declined between 2015 and 2016.
Although growth was rapid in Africa and the Middle East, Asia and Oceania consumed much more energy overall (42% of 2016 world energy consumption, compared with 6% in the Middle East and 3% in Africa). Slower long-term energy consumption trends continued in the mature economies of North America, where energy consumption grew by 1% between 2010 and 2016, and in Europe, where energy consumption actually fell 4% between those years.
Globally, petroleum and other liquid fuels (including biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel) are the most prevalent form of energy consumed. Growing use of these fuels has been supported by increasing supplies of U.S. shale oil and other international sources of liquid fuels that have kept prices relatively competitive. Global coal consumption continued to decline as a result of competition from low cost natural gas as well as some countries’ policies to limit or decrease coal use.
Regional fuel use varies according to the availability of resources. In 2016, coal accounted for almost 50% of the energy consumed in Asia and Oceania, where China, India, and Australia are all significant consumers of coal. The largest shares of nuclear and renewable energy were in Europe (26%), North America (19%), and Central and South America (26%). These regions, particularly Europe and North America, have significant renewable resources as well as policies that encourage renewable energy usage, especially wind and solar. Because of the region’s rich reserves of oil and natural gas, nearly all energy consumption in the Middle East comes from either petroleum or natural gas with virtually no contribution from coal, nuclear, or renewable energy.
From 2000 to 2013, China experienced rapid growth in energy consumption, overtaking the United States as the world’s largest energy consumer in 2009. Since 2013, China has consistently used approximately 40% more energy than the United States. Although growth in China’s gross domestic product (GDP) has slowed over this time period, it continues to grow faster than 6% per year compared with relatively flat total energy consumption, demonstrating the country’s improvements in energy intensity (GDP per unit energy).
By comparison, India’s GDP is growing at a rate of almost 8% per year, and energy use is growing as well.
In recent years, India has surpassed Japan, Canada, and Germany in energy consumed. As more recent data become available, India is likely to surpass Russia as the third-highest energy consuming country.
Detailed country-level data on energy production, consumption, and transport through 2016 are available in EIA’s International Energy Statistics database. Natural gas data, petroleum supply data, GDP, and population are available through 2017. EIA Country Analysis Briefs supplement the International Energy Statistics database with key information on energy production and consumption trends.
The EMEA data center colocation market is estimated to attract investments worth around $10 billion by 2023, growing at a CAGR of approximately 8% during 2017-2023.
The electrical infrastructure segment dominated the largest market share in 2017, growing at a CAGR of more than 7% during the forecast period. The increasing focus on procurement and adoption of efficient, require less maintenance, and reduce space systems are propelling the growth of this segment in the European market. The implementation of stringent regulations about privacy and security of data processed by facilities and consumers is driving the evolution of the European data center colocation market. In April 2016, the European Union adopted the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which came into effect from May 2018. The implementation of GDPR is boosting the investments and demand for colocation services across several countries in the Europe market. The rapid deployment of innovative facilities namely, modular, containerized, and POD facilities will boost revenues in the European data center colocation market.
POD facilities are a single rack of facilities systems, with power and cooling integrated to provide higher performance for data processing applications at the edge locations in the market. The exponential proliferation of internet across the Eastern European and Africa region will positively impact the European data center colocation market. The growing popularity of district heating concept across the region will transform the European data center colocation market during the forecast period. The facilities are the major consumers of power and water in the market. The process of converting the disadvantage of operating a facility in a locality to its advantage by supplying waste heat emitted by servers to cool district homes during winters is district heating.
The wholesale colocation services are the fastest growing segment in the market, at a CAGR of more than 13% during the forecast period. In 2017, various large enterprise businesses and global cloud providers were the largest users of wholesale services in the European market. The leading service providers are offering customized wholesale colocation solutions, where the pre-leased customer can work with the service provider to design and develop the facility according to the customer's IT infrastructure operational requirement. Personalization of services will boost the demand for these services in the data center colocation market in Europe.
Western Europe dominated the majority of the market share in 2017, growing at a CAGR of around 6% during the forecast period. The UK, Germany, France, Ireland, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Portugal, and Austria are the largest revenues generators in the Western European region in the EMEA market. The Nordic region occupied the second largest market share in 2017, growing at a CAGR of approximately 12% during the forecast period. The deployment of hyperscale facilities, spanning over 200,000 square feet, and rack power density of up to 40kW is propelling the growth of the Nordic region in the European market.
The EMEA data center colocation market is witnessing the expansion and construction of new facilities across the region due to the implementation of GDPR. The leading facilities operators are deploying facilities with over one million net rentable white space to service retail and wholesale facilities customers.
Some of the other prominent providers of datacenter service in the European market include T-Systems, Kepple DC, Colt DCS, TeliaSonera, Iliad Datacenter, Telefónica, Euclyde, and Interoute. The growing demand for cloud services will create new avenues for service providers operating in the market. Vendors such as Equinix has developed an estimated net rentable area of around 500,000 square feet across 14 facilities that were opened and under construction in 2017 to attract a maximum number of consumers in the market. The entrant of pure-play colocation providers will increase the level of competition in the EMEA data center colocation market during the forecast period.
Other prominent vendors in the EMEA data center colocation market consist of:
3 data, Aruba S.P.A., Atman (ATM S.A.), Basefarm (Orange Group), Bezeq International, CenturyLink (Level 3), Cyxtera Technologies, dcstar, Digiplex, Euclyde, Flexential, Fortlax, Global Connect, Green Datacenter AG, Hydro66, Iliad Data Center, Internap, Interoute (GTT Communications), IXcellerate, Keppel DC, LDeX Group, Liquid Telecommunication,LuxConnect, Mobily, Ooredoo, ST Telemedia Global Data Center (STT GDC), Switch SUPERNAP, Telehouse, Telefónica, Teraco Data Environments, Tieto, TSystems (Deutsche Telekom), Turkcell, Verne Global, VNET, and Zayo Group Holdings.